The synovial membrane of the joint outlines the joint space and forms lubricating fluid. Plica are folds of the synovial membrane. They are remnants of tissue that divided the joint into compartments during fetal development. The plica may be prominent in some people and can get inflamed or irritated. This condition which usually affects the knee joint is called plica syndrome or symptomatic plica.
Your doctor will diagnose a plica syndrome by performing a through physical examination and inspecting the joint with the help of an arthroscope (an illuminated tube used to view the inside of a joint).
Treatment includes resting the knees and taking anti-inflammatory medications or injections. If these measures do not work, then surgery is often recommended to remove the plica. The procedure may be performed during arthroscopy with the help of specialized instruments.
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